Jean Françaix, in full Jean-René-Désiré Françaix, (born May 23, 1912, Le Mans, France—died September 25, 1997, Paris), French composer and pianist whose music in a light neoclassical style displays the wit and clarity of the traditional Gallic spirit.
The son of the director of the Le Mans Conservatory, Françaix began to compose very early, publishing a piano composition at age nine. He later studied at the Paris Conservatory and became a pupil of Nadia Boulanger. One of his first important works, the Piano Concertino (1932), a characteristically witty piece, shows the complete mastery of form that distinguishes all of his music. In addition to concerti for the piano and the violin and a double piano concerto, he wrote ballets, chamber music, operas, and the oratorio L’Apocalypse de St. Jean (1939).